With the expansion of renewable energy and the global trend of efficient energy consumption, energy storage solutions have attracted much attention, especially battery energy storage systems. BESS is a complex energy storage solution, the principle of operation can be simply summarized as: convert electrical energy into chemical energy, store it in the battery, and convert it into electrical energy output to supply power when needed. This process requires several core components:
Batteries: Electrical energy supplied by different sources such as solar, wind or power plants is converted into chemical energy during battery charging. The energy released during battery discharge can power homes, vehicles, commercial buildings, and the electrical grid. The battery is composed of single cells, which can be arranged into battery modules, battery packs and battery boxes.
Battery Management System (BMS): The BMS enables the safe and correct operation of the battery. Each battery type has specific charging and discharging conditions. The BMS ensures that the battery is maintained within the required current, voltage, and temperature ranges. The BMS monitors parameters and estimates the battery's state-of-charge (SOC) and state-of-health (SOH), thereby ensuring reliable and long-lasting battery performance.
Power Conversion System (PCS): Through the use of a power conversion system, BESS converts direct current (DC) into alternating current (AC) and vice versa. During battery charging, AC flows from the power supply and is converted to DC. As the battery discharges, it generates DC power, which is then converted back to AC power to supply the power required by the BESS application.
Energy Management System (EMS): The EMS is the control unit of the battery energy storage system and manages the power available to the BESS, i.e. when, why and in what amount it is accumulated or released. EMS can combine the various components of BESS and optimize the overall performance.
Security System: It can be composed of a series of security systems, each responsible for the specified work. For example, the HVAC system allows the BESS to maintain the desired temperature and humidity through HVAC. The fire protection system detects smoke and prevents fire accidents.
BESS is a complex solution, and the development and implementation of BESS will continue to play a critical role in meeting the world's energy needs as the world transitions to sustainable energy.
Written by Mandy
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